Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles based on observations of the ways of nature. It was developed by Bill Mollinson and David Holgren in the late 1970s. He said: “Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature”. The core principles of permaculture are:
Care for the Earth
Care for the People
Return of surplus – only taking what is needed
Permaculture design determines where the elements of agriculture should be placed to provide maximum benefit to the environment. By designing in this way the whole system becomes greater than the sum of its parts. The elements of the design seek to minimise waste, human labour and the input of energy. Through practicing these design elements complex systems can evolve producing high quality food with minimal input.