Permaculture

June 25, 2018

 

Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles based on observations of the ways of nature. It was developed by Bill Mollinson and David Holgren in the late 1970s.  He said: “Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature”.  The core principles of permaculture are:

  • Care for the Earth

  • Care for the People

  • Return of surplus – only taking what is needed

 

Permaculture design determines where the elements of agriculture should be placed to provide maximum benefit to the environment. By designing in this way the whole system becomes greater than the sum of its parts. The elements of the design seek to minimise waste, human labour and the input of energy.  Through practicing these design elements complex systems can evolve producing high quality food with minimal input.

David Holmgren named the 12 basic principles of Permaculture:

  1. Observe and Interact

  2. Catch and Store Energy

  3. Obtain a yield 

  4. Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback 

  5. Use and Value Renewable Resources and Services 

  6. Produce No Waste 

  7. Design From Patterns to Details

  8. Integrate Rather Than Segregate 

  9. Use Small and Slow Solutions

  10. Use and Value Diversity 

  11. Use Edges and Value the Marginal

  12. Creatively Use and Respond to Change

Most communities use some of these principles in their design.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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